(Posted this month on the Strategic Innovation Lab site). We are rolling out the Systemic Design Research Network, a cooperative educational group founded in 2011 whose aims are:
- To advance the practice of systemic design as an integrated discipline of systems thinking and systems-oriented design
- To convene an annual international symposium, Relating Systems Thinking to Design (RSD)
- To advance the knowledge, theory, and publications in the domains of systems-oriented design and industrial and social systems design methods in systemic practice.
We are an OCADU research group located within the Strategic Innovation Lab. As Prof. Jeremy Bowes and Dr. Peter Jones have developed the primary courses in Systemic Design for OCADU’s Strategic Foresight and Innovation program, we have trialed (and erred) enough to recognize and validate highly effective approaches to quickly and powerfully combine social research, expert studies, stakeholder workshops and mapping to inform systemic services and societal innovations. We have several years and courses of Gigamaps demonstrating the deep synthesis and creative research from student teams. We have SFI graduates now employed in the Alberta government’s systemic design policy innovation group.
History and Aims
The SDRN was founded at AHO, Oslo School of Architectural and Design, in partnership with OCAD University, Toronto and is organized by a standing committee of four co-organizers Birger Sevaldson, Peter Jones, Harold Nelson, and Alex Ryan. SDRN is a cooperative association based on both academic and industry relationships, and invites faculty and students worldwide to participate in events and share research. We are a member group of IFSR and host a moderated, open online community. RSD participants are invited to join the online forum, and are welcome to participate with us in future activities: workshops, publishing, symposium events.
As organizers of the Relating Systems Thinking to Design (RSD) symposium, discourses and publications have been developed for the following areas of research:
- Strategic Design and Social Systems
- Systems Oriented Service Design
- Advanced Design Methods and Systems Thinking
- Systems Theory in Design
- Teaching Systemic Design and Systemic Literacy
Systems theory and design developed clear interdisciplinary connections during the era of the Ulm School of Design and Buckminster Fuller’s design science, resulting in the design methods movement (informed by Rittel, Alexander, JC Jones and Archer). However, in the recent decades this co-evolution has not persisted, as each field has specialized in preferred core disciplinary methods. Practitioners in both systems science and design have attempted to entail the more effective models and techniques from the other field, but usually in piecemeal fashion, and only if a problem was so suited or if supported by clients. Systems thinking has generally considered design thinking a soft complement, or analogous to creative planning. Design schools and consulting practices have developed well-packaged presentations of “systems change” approaches, but these are poorly supported by systems theory, interdisciplinary courses or rigorous systemic methods.
There are significant societal forces and organizational demands impelling the requirement for “better means of change.” As Fred Collopy (RSD2) wrote in Fast Company several years ago, the (2nd gen) systems movement may have failed us and we’re not yet sure if design thinking will restore its promise. As Jones (2009) replied, systems thinking never had a chance, the way it was presented in the last decade – so perhaps it might be redesigned as a discipline. Now we call on advanced design practice to lead programs of strategic scale and higher complexity (e.g., social policy, healthcare, education, urbanization) we have adapted systems thinking methods, creatively pushing the boundaries beyond the popular modes of systems dynamics and soft systems.
Research Agenda & Practices
Systemic design is distinguished from service or experience design in terms of scale, social complexity and integration – it is concerned with higher order systems that entail multiple subsystems. By integrating systems thinking, theory and appropriate methods, systemic design brings human-centred design to complex, multi-stakeholder service systems. It adapts from known design competencies – form and process reasoning, social and generative research methods, and sketching and visualization practices – to describe, map, propose and reconfigure complex services and systems.
Publications, Projects & Presentations
Several recent publications have contributed to locating systemic design as a human-centred systems-oriented design practice (Nelson and Stolterman, 2012, Sevaldson, 2011, Jones, 2014). Publications by the co-organizers can be considered seminal works in systemic design and systems thinking in design practice:
- Jones, P. (2014). Design research methods for systemic design: Perspectives from design education and practice. Proceedings of ISSS 2014, July 28 – Aug1, 2014, Washington, D.C.
- Jones, P. (2014). Systemic design principles for complex social systems. In G. Metcalf (ed.), Social Systems and Design, Volume 1 of the Translational Systems Science Series, pp 91-128. Springer Japan.
- Nelson, H.G. & Stolterman, E. (2012). The design way: Intentional change in an unpredictable world. Second edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Sevaldson, B. (2011). Gigamapping: Visualization for complexity and systems thinking in design. Proceedings of the Nordic Design Research Conference. Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.